Balancing elements is a best way to get more interest on your photograph. When you place every element of interest in a photograph on one side or another, or in the center of the image as more commonly done by beginners, you are leaving little to nothing to look on the opposite side. This photograph will be unbalanced and most likely an uninteresting image.
There are basically two types of balancing terms around photography.
Formal balance is also called symmetrical balance. As the name suggest it is when one or more identical or similar subjects are repeated symmetrically on each sides of a given reference. Formal balance is most ideal for subjects that are uniform in shape and repeat in the frame. Formal balance is more obvious and views quickly catch the similarity on either side of the reference.
Informal balance, also called asymmetrical balance is when one or more dissimilar elements are balancing on each side of a given point. Informal balance is less obvious because the subjects are not uniform. A well shot photograph that is using informal balance could be more appealing to the viewer than a formal balanced photograph.
Doing a composition using informal balancing is more challenging than framing something which is symmetrical. If you have a large object one side of the frame, try to counter balance it to some small object or objects to make an interest in the photo. Our interest in below photograph is the giant custom shaped rock, see how well the small rocks compensates the view of the element of our interest and make the picture more appealing.
How can we frame a balanced photo
Look at your subject and capture it from different viewpoints, angles or even at different lighting, you can compose a balanced image.
Look for contrasts
Contrasts in the photo can attract attention of viewers. Black against white has a much stronger contrast than gray against white. To balance gray against white you need a larger gray area to compensate compared to if you used black. Color contrast is often used to create a splendid photo composition.
Small areas of vibrant color can be balanced to larger areas of more neutral colors. The art of complimenting the colors in a particular image has a significant impact it will have on the viewers.
Balance open space on one side of the image with the primary subject on the other side of the image. Remember to keep the proportion of the photograph as it aids to give strong visual value and viewer’s emotional response to your photograph.
Large to small
Sometimes larger elements on one side of the image can be balanced by a smaller element that is positioned by itself at the far end of the other side of the image.
If the subject to frame has large flat areas without much interesting detail, balance the frame by adding smaller irregularly shaped objects . Human eyes are drawn towards the more complicated shape. It works other way as well, small areas with interesting textures can balance larger areas with smoother, no textured looks.
Led the viewer’s eye to a certain point in a picture by using elements like shapes or arrows. Even direction of the eye of the people in a picture can lead to the point of interest in the frame.
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